ASHOKA IAS STUDY CIRCLE Excellence in Civils &Groups Coaching
Ashoks IAS Study Circle offers coaching for Group I and Group II Exams, JL and other Exams conducted by the APPSC inENGLISH MEDIUM ONLY
Group 1 Prelims Syllabus
GENERAL STUDIES AND MENTAL ABILITY – 150 Questions and 150 Marks
(Screening Test – Objective Type)
1. General Science – Contemporary developments in Science and Technology and their implications including matters of every day observation and experience, as may be expected of a well-educated person who has not made a special study of any scientific discipline.
2. Current events of national and international importance.
3. History of India – emphasis will be on broad general understanding of the subject in its social, economic, cultural and political aspects with a focus on AP Indian National Movement.
4. World Geography and Geography of India with a focus on AP.
5. Indian polity and Economy – including the country’s political system- rural development – Planning and economic reforms in India.
6. Mental ability – reasoning and inferences.
7. DISASTER MANAGEMENT (Source: CBSE Publications)
i. Concepts in disaster management and vulnerability profile of India / State of A.P.
ii. Earth quakes / Cyclones / Tsunami / Floods / Drought – causes and effects.
iii. Manmade disasters – Prevention strategies.
iv. Mitigation strategies / Mitigation measures
Group I Mains Syllabus
Paper – I – General Essay
(Candidate should write three Essays one from each section compulsorily. Each section contains three topics. Each Essay carries 50 marks.)
Section -I: Crisis management, Social problems, Analysis and solutions.
Section -II: Current events of national and international importance.
Section –III: Current events relating to State of Andhra Pradesh.
Paper – II
Section – I: History and Cultural Heritage of India With Emphasis on 20th Century History of India
1. Indus Civilization – Vedic Civilization – Distinction between Indus Civilisation and Vedic Civilisation – Evolution of Varna, Jathi/caste system – Religious condition – Emergence of Religious Movements (Jainism, Buddhism and other sects) – Rise of Magadha Imperialism – Rise of Mahayana and Development of Art (Gandhara, Mathura and other Schools).
2. Advent of Islam and its impact – Influence of Islam on Indian Culture – Religious Movements – Nature and significance of Bhakti Movements – Growth of vernacular languages, literature, fine arts, architecture, monuments, Indo-Persian art and architecture – Vijayanagara empire and their contribution to art, literature and culture – socio-economic conditions, administration, fall of Vijayanagar empire – the Great Moghals and their contribution to Indian Fine Art, Architecture and Fine Arts – Rise of Shivaji.
3. Stages of colonialism – changes in administrative structure and politics – factors leading for the British supremacy, assistance of Indian Powers and the causes of failures – Civil rebellions – Revolt of 1857 and its impact – Rise of nationalist consciousness and factors for the growth of Indian Nationalism and Freedom Struggle : Three Phases :1885-1905, 1905-1920, 1920-47 and significance of Gandhi an Era.
4. Rise and growth of Socio-Religious-cultural – anti-caste, Dalit and non-Brahmin,Justice/self-respect movements in modern India – Social reform organizations and role of intellectuals – Raja Ram Mohan Roy – Dayanand Saraswathi – Jyotiba Phule – Narayana Guru – Mahathma Gandhi – Ambedkar and others.
5. Nationalist Literature – growth of peasant and labour movements – role of leftist parties in anti-feudal and anti-colonial struggles-rise and growth of Women’s movements – origin and growth of communalism – workers and peasant movements –freedom and partition of India; important historical events after independence.
Section –II: Social and Cultural History of Andhra Pradesh
1. The Satavahanas and their contribution – social structure – religious conditions –growth of literature and painting – Ikshvakus and their cultural contribution – Growth of Buddhism in Andhra Pradesh – The Eastern Chalukyas of Vengi and their importance – socio-cultural contribution – growth of Telugu language & Literature – education and learning – Religious Sects – growth of art and architecture.
2. Socio- Cultural and Religious conditions in Andhra Desha between 1000 AD – 1565 AD Growth of Telugu Language and Literature – Nannaya- Molla etc., fine arts and architecture – Monuments – Significance – Contribution of Qutubshahis to Telugu language and Literature – Art- Architecture- Monuments.
3. Modern Andhra – Socio-cultural awakening in Andhra – Brahma Samaj, Arya Samaj, Theosohica society – Adi-Andhra, Movements and role of Veereshalingam and others – Non-Brahmin, Adi- Andhra /Dalit and Justice/self – respect movements – Gurram Joshuva – Boyi Bheemanna – Sri Sri and others – Growth of Nationalist Movement in Andhra and the Andhra Leaders during the Freedom Struggle – Role of socialists – communists – anti-zamindari-kisan movements.
4. Asafjahi Dynasty – socio-cultural awakening in Telangana -Adi-Hindu Movement – Nizam Rashtra Janasangham – Andhra Mahasabha – Andhra Saaraswata Parishat – The role of Hyderabad State Congress and Vandemataram Movement.
5. Telangana People’s Armed Struggle – Ittehadul-Muslimeen – Razakars-anti-Nizam Struggles and end of Nizam’s Rule and integration of Hyderabad State in Indian
Union – Formation of Andhra Pradesh.
Section –III: General Overview of the Indian Constitution
1. Nature of the Constitution – constitutional developments – salient features – Preamble – Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles of State Policy and their relationship – Fundamental Duties, Distinctive features of Indian Federation.
2. Distribution of Legislative Powers between the Union and the State; Administrative and Financial relations between the Union and the States – Powers and the Functions of Constitutional Bodies.
3. Unicameral and Bicameral Legislatures – Functions and crises of accountability,decline of legislature – Delegated Legislation – Legislative and Judicial control over the delegated legislation – Judicial review of administrative action.
4. Amendment of the Constitution – Basic Structure Theory – Emergency Provisions and De-centralisation – Community development experiment – 3 tier model of Panchayat Raj – 73rd and 74th amendments and their implementation.
5. Welfare Mechanism in India: Provisions for scheduled castes, Tribes and Minorities; Reservations for SC, ST and Backward classes; Prevention of SC and ST Atrocities Act; National and State SC and ST Commission; Women’s Commission; National and State Minorities Commission and Human Rights Commission.
Paper – III
Section -I: Planning in India & Indian Economy
1. National and per capita income and human development – Sectoral changes in the Indian Economy (GDP and work force).
2. Indian Planning – Objectives, priorities, specific aims of the recent 5 year plan-experience and problems. Changes in the role of public-Private Sectors and their Shares in the total plan outlay before and after economic reforms.
3. Poverty and unemployment problems– magnitude and measures initiated to ameliorate them.
4. Monetary policy – Structure of Indian Banking and non-banking financial institutions and reforms in them since the 1990s—regulation of credit by RBI.
5. Pattern of revenue, expenditure and public debt and effects on the economy.
Section – II: Land Reforms & Social Changes In A.P After Independence
1. Historical background of land reforms and the change in laws from time to time – Intermediaries abolition, tenancy reforms, ceilings on holdings and land issues in A.P.
2. Structure of the Andhra Pradesh economy – its sectoral and regional distribution and the extent of poverty. Agricultural inputs and technology.
3. Demographic features and social backwardness, literacy and occupation structure; changes in the sectoral distribution of income and employment. Socio-political and economic empowerment of women.
4. State finances and budgetary policy – tax structure, sharing central taxes, expenditure pattern in revenue and capital account as well as plan and non-plan accounts. Public debt – composition – internal and external debt including World Bank loans.
5. Five year plans of AP – Outlays, financing public sector plan and resource allocation pattern in the recent 5 year plan.
Section –III: Andhra Pradesh’s Economy, Present Status, Its Strengths and Weakness:
1. Growth and structure of industries in AP; Factories, small and tiny sectors, their comparison, growth, weaknesses and problems.
2. Structure of agricultural outputs. Administrated prices including support and procurement prices – Public Distribution System in Andhra Pradesh.
3. Regional disparities in income, industrial output, rainfall, irrigation, health and education in AP.
4. Institutional and non-institutional sources of rural credit in AP – structure and growth – cooperatives and their share in total credit – adequacy and problems.
5. Service Sector of AP – Importance, composition and growth with special reference to transport and communication, tourism and information technology.
Section -I: Role and Impact of Science and Technology In the Development Of India
Unit 1 : National policy of science and technology and changes in the policy from time to time, Technology Missions.
Unit 2: Space programme in India and its applications with special reference to industrial,agricultural and other rural developmental activities, INSAT and IRS systems.
Unit 3: Role of Information Technology in Rural India, basics of computers, computers in communication and broadcasting, software development in economic growth. Broad IT applications.
Unit 4: Energy Resources: Energy demands, renewable energy resources, nuclear energy, the development and its utilisation in the country.
Unit 5: Current Science & Technology Developments in India, Climate change, Disaster Management (Floods, Cyclones and Tsunami); Crop science in India, Fertilisers, Control of pests and diseases – scenario in India; Drinking water and supply, urbanisation and industrial development.
Section -II : General Awareness with the Modern Trends In Life Sciences
Unit 1: Progress of Agricultural Science and its impacts – Introduction to Biotechnology: History of fermentation development, industrially important fermentation products (antibiotics, organic acids, alcohols, vitamins, amino acids (only one in each category is to be studied)) Production of low volume, high value fermentation products (insulin, growth hormones, recombinant vaccines,interferons)
Unit 2: Plants and human affairs, characteristics of plants, usefulness for mankind, origin of agriculture, useful and harmful plants. Introduction to animals, Domestic and wild animals, usefulness of animals for mankind, Exploitation of animals by man for food and medical advancements.
Unit 3: Introduction to and applications of Genetic Engineering & Stem Cell Research: Basic concepts (the basic process of genetic engineering) – Biotechnology in agriculture (Biofertilisers, Biopesticides, Biofuels, Genetically modified crops, Tissue culture) animal husbandry (transgenic animals- applications) and environment (Biotechnology in Environmental clean up processes).
Unit 4: Microbial infections ; Common present day infections and preventive measures. Introduction to bacterial, viral, protozoal and fungal infections. Basic knowledge of infections caused by different groups of micro organisms – diarrhoea, dysentry, cholera, tuberculosis, malaria, viral infections like HIV, encephalitis, chikungunya, bird flu – preventive measures during out breaks.
Unit 5: Vaccines: Introduction to immunity, Fundamental concepts in vaccination and traditional methods of vaccine production (production of DPT and Rabies vaccine), Production of Modern Vaccines (production of Hepatitis vaccine), Applications of immunological methods in diagnosis.
Section – III: Development & Environment Problems
Unit 1: Environmental Segments, Promoting Environmental Protection, The Environment (Protection) Act, Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, Water (Prevention and control of pollution) Act, Water pollution Cess Act, Forest conservation Act, Environmentalism.
Unit 2: Natural Resources: Forest Resources – Types of Forests, Uses of Forests. Water Resources- Types of Dams, Drought Occurrences and Floods, Land Resources: Soils and Cropping patterns, Mineral resources.
Unit 3: Eco-Systems and Bio-diversity: Terminology of Ecology, Basic Concepts of Ecology, concept of an Ecosystem, Food Chains in Eco systems, Types of Eco systems. Biodiversity and its conservation: Types of biodiversity, Hotspots of Biodiversity, threats to diversity.
Unit 4: Environment Pollution and Solid Waste Management: Air Pollution, water pollution, Soil Pollution, Noise pollution. Solid Waste Management: Types of Solid waste, Factors affecting the solid waste generation, Impact of solid wastes, Recycling and reuse.
Unit 5: Role of Information Technology in Environment and Human Health. Global Environmental Issues like Climate Change, Acid Rain, Global warming, Wasteland Reclamation, Watershed management, watershed approach for sustainable development.
Paper – V
Data Interpretation and Problem Solving
1. Data appreciation and interpretation using ratios, percentages and averages.
2. Drawing conclusions from the data present in tabular, graphical and diagrammatical forms and to point out deficiencies, limitations or inconsistencies therein.
3. Problem solving using the following:
a) Sequences and Series: Analogies of numbers and alphabets, completion of blank spaces in a:b,c,d, odd thing out, missing number in a sequence or series.
b) Coding and decoding problems: A given word or group of letters in English are to be coded or decoded based on the given code(s).
c) Date, time and arrangement problems: Calender and clock problems, blood relationship and seating arrangements.
Passage Analysis: A duly structured situation will be presented to the candidates and they will be asked to analyze and suggest their own solution to the problem arising out of situation. Alternatively, they may be called upon to prove the understanding of the situation by answering certain searching questions based on the situation.
GROUP 2 SYLLABUS
PAPER-I GENERAL STUDIES
1. General Science - Questions on General Science will cover General appreciation and understanding of science including matters of every day observation and experience, as may be expected of a well educated person who has not made a special study of any particular scientific discipline.
2. Current Events of National and International Importance - In current events, knowledge of significant national and international events will be tested.
3. History of India and Indian National Movement - In History of India, emphasis will be on broad general understanding of the subject in its social, economic and political aspects. Questions on Indian National Movement will relate to the nature and character of the nineteenth century resurgence, growth of Nationalism and attainment of independence.
4. India and World Geography- In geography emphasis will be on geography of India. Questions on geography of India will relate to physical, social and economic geography of the country, including the main features of the Indian agricultural and natural resources.
5. General Mental Ability - candidates will be tested on reasoning and analytical abilities.
6. Disaster Management
a. Concepts in disaster management and vulnerability profile of India / State of A.P.
b. Earth quakes / Cyclones / Tsunami / Floods / Drought – causes and effects.
c. Man made disasters Prevention strategies.
d. Mitigation strategies / Mitigation measures.
(i) SOCIAL AND CULTURAL HISTORY OF ANDHRA PRADESH
1. The Satavahanas and their contribution – social structure – Ikshvakus and their cultural contribution; Buddhism and Jainism; The Eastern Chalukyas of Vengi – their sociocultural contribution – growth of Telugu language & Literature.
2. Socio Cultural and Religious conditions in Andhra Desha between first and fifteenth centuries of the Christian Era.
3. Establishment of British Rule – 1857 Revolt and its impact on Andhra and Hyderabad Sociocultural awakening ; AdiAndhra/Dalit and Justice/self – respect movements; Growth of Nationalist Movement in Andhra between 1885 and 1947 – Role of socialists – communists – antizamindarikisan movements.
4. Asafjahi Dynasty – sociocultural awakening in Telangana AdiHindu Movement – Nizam Rashtra Janasangham – Andhra Mahasabha – Andhra Saaraswata Parishat – Hyderabad State Congress and Vandemataram Movement.
5. Growth of Leftist / Communist Movement and Telangana People’s Armed Struggle – IttehadulMuslimeen RazakarsantiNizam Struggles and end of Nizam’s Rule. Integration of Hyderabad State into Indian Union – Formation of Andhra Pradesh – Important historical events after 1956.
(ii) GENERAL OVERVIEW OF THE INDIAN CONSTITUTION
1) Salient features of the Indian Constitution – Preamble, Fundamental Duties, Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles of State Policy and their relationship.
2) Distinctive features of Indian Federation Distribution of Legislative Powers between the Union and the State; Relative roles of Legislature, Executive and Judiciary.
3) Community development experiment – 3 tier model of Panchayat Raj – 73rd and 74th amendments and their implementation.
4) Welfare Mechanism in India: Provisions for Scheduled Castes, Tribes and Minorities; Reservations for SC, ST and Backward Classes; Prevention of SC and ST Atrocities Act; National and State SC and ST Commission; Women’s Commission; National and States Minorities Commission and Human Rights Commission.
5) Unicameral and Bicameral Legislatures – Functions and crises of accountability, decline of Legislature.
PLANNING IN INDIA & INDIAN ECONOMY
1) Planning in Indian Economy –Socioeconomic objectives and outlays of 5 year plans – Major controversies of planning in India – Alternative strategies – Goals and achievements – shortfall of different plans – Planning in the market – Major reforms/policy changes effect from 1991.
2) Broad fiscal, monetary, industrial trade and agricultural policies, objectives, rationale, constraints and effects.
3) Geographic size – Endowment of natural resources, population; size composition quality and growth trends – occupational distribution – effect of British rule with reference to drain theory and Laissez faire Policy.
4) Money banking and public finances – concept of money and measures of money supply velocity of money banks and credit creation, determination of price level – inflation, its causes and remedies , finance budget – taxes and nontax revenue.
5) Meaning and measurements of growth growth distribution and welfare, characteristics of under development, stages of development, sources of growth capital – human capital, population, productivity, trade and aid, growth strategies – types of average measures – dispersioncorrelationindex numbers ; types, uses and limitations.
CONTEMPORARY PROBLEMS AND DEVELOPMENTS IN RURAL SOCIETY WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO ANDHRA PRADESH
1. National Income & Main sectors of Economy, GDP (Gross Domestic Product), Per capita income and HDI (Human Development Index) as measures of development. Relative contribution of agriculture to income and employment in the recent four decades of AP.
2. Five year plans of AP – Outlays, Finance in public sector plan and resource allocation pattern in the recent five year plan.
3. Need for and aims of land reforms in AP – Structure of land holdings in AP. Forest, sown and irrigated area in AP. Cropping pattern. Sources of Agricultural finance in AP – Agricultural subsidies.
4. Growth and structure of Industries in Andhra Pradesh, factories, small and tiny sectors, their comparison , growth , weaknesses and problems Institutional and noninstitutional – growth and structure of cooperatives in Andhra Pradesh – Share of cooperatives in total credits – adequacy and problems.
5. Structure of Agricultural outputs – administered prices including support and procurement prices – Public Distribution System in AP ; Service sector of AP – importance, composition and growth with special reference to transport and communication, tourism and information and biotechnology.
The Main Examination consists of 2 stages. The first stage is the written part and the second stage is the Personality Test, popularly known as the Interview. Main exams consist of 9 papers. The first 2 papers are English Language and Indian Language papers. A candidate has to qualify in these papers and the marks secured in these 2 papers are not reckoned for the purpose of ranking.
The remaining 7 papers are
1) Essay: 250 Marks
2) General Studies (GS) Paper I: 250 Marks
3) GS Paper II: 250 Marks
4) GS Paper III: 250 Marks
5) GS Paper IV: 250 Marks
and 2 papers in 1 Optional (250 Marks Each) to be selected from among the list of Optionals mentioned in the notification.
Every year, lakhs of aspirants apply for the exam. Among them only a few thousands are serious. Some students may give an attempt just to get the feel of the exam and, after taking coaching, give a serious attempt. We advice you not to waste your valuable attempts.